Battle of Cantigny centennial Memorial Day
Cantigny Doughboy statue by Glenn Kaupert
Wheaton, Ill., May 9, 2018 — The First Division Museum at Cantigny Park will host a full day of events on Memorial Day, May 28, to commemorate the centennial of America’s first key battle and first offensive of World War I.
The Battle of Cantigny took place May 28-31, 1918, in Cantigny, France. The U.S. Army’s First Division led the charge, successfully liberating the small village from German occupation.
The decisive victory “bolstered the morale of America’s European allies at a critical moment,” said Paul Herbert, First Division Museum executive director. “It was also our country’s first commitment in blood to democracy in Western Europe.”
Cantigny Park claims a close connection to those events 100 years ago, about 70 miles north of Paris.
Robert R. McCormick, a true citizen-soldier, joined the Illinois National Guard in 1915 and served on the Mexican border in 1916. At the time, he was editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune. He further volunteered for service in World War I with the First Division (now the 1st Infantry Division, the famous “Big Red One”), eventually earning the rank of Colonel.
The Battle of Cantigny was the only major battle in which McCormick participated, but the experience affected him deeply. Upon returning to the United States, he renamed his family’s Wheaton farm Cantigny.
On Memorial Day, the First Division Museum will offer moments of reflection along with World War I learning opportunities, entertainment and plenty of family-friendly options. Highlights include a Battle of Cantigny memorial ceremony and wreath laying; readings of war letters written by soldiers; WWI reenactors and historic vehicles; a patriotic band concert; and self-guided tours of the newly renovated museum. A complete schedule of events is below.
Inside the museum’s World War I galleries, visitors will find an artistic installation of 2,000 hand-crafted poppies, a display honoring America’s casualties in the Great War.
Throughout the weekend, Cantigny Post 556 of the American Legion will be distributing memorial poppies at the park and Cantigny Golf in honor of our dead from all wars. The poppies are free, but any donations received will go to the Midwest Shelter for Homeless Veterans in Wheaton, and will be matched dollar for dollar by the Robert R. McCormick Foundation.
Meanwhile, representatives from Cantigny Park and the Robert R. McCormick Foundation will travel to the battle site in France. A century-old First Division battlefield monument was recently restored with funding from the Foundation and relocated to the center of Cantigny village. The marker will be rededicated at a ceremony on May 26.
“The French people I’ve met with are very excited about this anniversary,” said Herbert. “I think the Colonel also would be excited, and proud of all that we are doing here at the park, in France and elsewhere. He’d want to give the keynote speech.”
In fact, Colonel McCormick returned to the Cantigny battlefield in 1937 and delivered a speech at the original dedication of the First Division monument. His words from that day are preserved on the floor of Freedom Hall, the expansive library inside McCormick House at Cantigny Park.
SCHEDULED EVENTS at CANTIGNY PARK
Monday, May 28
10 am to 5 pm
First Division Museum
- Battle of Cantigny memorial ceremony, with wreath laying and pigeon release (10 am)
- Poppy display in the World War I galleries (all day)
- World War I photo booth (all day)
- Activities for kids (11 am to 5 pm):
· Play dress-up with WWI History Trunks
· Learn how to finger knit
· Make a poppy pinwheel
· Build and paint a Doughboy helmet
World War I encampment with living history reenactors and historic vehicles (all day)
Illinois Brass Band (3 pm)
Visitors Center Theater
War Letters: Living history actors read letters written by soldiers from different eras and conflicts (1 pm)
Robert R. McCormick House
- Open House (10 am-4:30 pm)
- Living history reenactment of McCormick’s 1937 Cantigny, France, speech
(on the hour, starting at 11 am; last performance 3 pm)